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We are pleased to present the second volume of the project “Qatar and the Arabian Gulf States in the Documents of the Indian Archives, Selections from the Indian National Archives in Delhi”, which includes the translation of documents related to Qatar and the Arabian Gulf States and their relationship with the various international powers, as well as regional and local ones, in the period (1872-1875), as monitored in the records of the British Government and the Indian British Government. These documents include correspondence and telegrams exchanged between residents, agents, captains on the Indian Navy’s ships, their superiors at the Ministry of Indian Affairs and the British Ministry of Foreign Affairs in London, as well as letters from the Sheikhs and merchants of the region. Its contents cover wide aspects including their conditions, reactions, and their interactions with the conflicts and events they went through, especially since many of them have been participants of at least eyewitnesses in such events. Therefore, the topics vary between political, military, economic, social, and others. The timeline of the documents included in this volume are arranged in chronological-historical order; as it covers historical events and facts occurred during the period it is presenting, the most important of which is the Ottoman campaign against Najd, the Ottoman military reinforcements in Al Ahsa, Al Qatif and Qatar, the repercussions of the conflict between Abdullah and Saud, the sons of Faisal bin Turki Al Saud, and the tribal stance in each of Al Ahsa, Al Qatif, Qatar and Bahrain, and the subsequent Ottoman movements, and the British position on these events, especially after Qatar raised the Ottoman flag.